MEDC VOLCANO CASE STUDY ICELAND

The main risks were to soils and water courses. Travelers stuck by the ash cloud were entitled to legal compensation from their airlines and their airlines were also legally responsible for the well-being of stranded passengers. Although the 1,m-high volcano has erupted during historical time, it has been less active than other volcanoes of Iceland’s eastern volcanic zone, and relatively few Holocene lava flows are known. Many kinds of measurements are carried out by the IMO and other agencies that provide valuable information used to warn of impending danger, for example potential eruptions and floods. A second, explosive eruption occurred on 14th April, and the volcano continued to erupt for around a month. In addition, all of the countries in Europe have bodies which determine the safety of conditions to fly in.

Share buttons are a little bit lower. Capacity to cope and institutional capacity prediction, preparation, prevention. Britain had fine anticyclonic weather for a lot of the time that the Ash cloud existed. Between March the 3 rd and 5 th of there were plenty of warning signs of an eruption, as there were over 3, recorded earthquakes, the vast majority of these being less than 2 on the Richter scale and only some large enough to be felt in nearby towns. These are perishable goods and they are transported by plane to keep them fresh but the flight ban meant that products returned unsold and destroyed. Their legal, technical and infrastructure systems can cope with hazards such as this eruption, even if there are economic impacts.

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It is the most southerly volcano on mainland Iceland before Surtsey in the sea to the south west.

Some glaciers can be as high as 1km! Indeed, visibility was down to a few metres and local cattle farmers suffered. The location of the volcano — directly below the Gulf Stream made it impossible to prevent travel disruptions, however cancelling flights may have prevented many deaths from aircraft failure.

Volcanoes case study

Finally, many companies had contingency plans in place for an emergency such as this, so could cope better, Tesco circumvented the ash cloud by flying Kenyan produce into Spain and then using road haulage for example. To use this website, you must agree to icepand Privacy Policyincluding cookie policy.

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That means that the countries affected by this hazard responded by themselves or collectively, and had the capacity to do so. This area is therefore incredibly vulnerable to this sort of activity, but weather conditions made the effects of the ash must worse.

MEDC volcano case study >>> Eyjafjallajokull

Within Iceland icelnd people were very lucky as t he volcano is on the south stidy and the wind carried the ash southeast towards Europe: The ash contaminated local water supplies and farmers near the volcano were warned not to let their livestock drink from contaminated streams and water sources, as high concentrations of fluoride from the ash mixed with river water can have deadly effects, particularly in sheep.

Although the 1,m-high volcano has erupted during historical time, it has been less active than other volcanoes of Iceland’s eastern volcanic zone, and relatively few Holocene lava flows are known. Between March the 3 rd and 5 th of there were plenty of warning signs of an eruption, as there were over 3, recorded earthquakes, the vast majority of these being less than 2 on the Richter scale and only some large enough to be felt in nearby towns.

medc volcano case study iceland

The IMO’s weather radar on the southwest tip of the country showed the height of the ash plume, which is important for calculating the distribution of the ash. The eruption occurred beneath the glacier causing large amounts of meltwater, this increased the explosive power, and cooled the lava very quickly creating abrasive, glass rich ash.

Volcanoes CASE STUDY MEDC: Iceland

It is a relatively small volcano, and is located W of Katla volcano. The stuey is a description of the characteristics of the volcano, namely Eyja meaning island; fjalla meaning mountain; and jokull meaning glacier.

This also has a huge impact on public institutions such as schools and businesses, particularly those who rely on air freight or those whose workers were stranded overseas. In total, around million cubic metres of airborne tephra was ejected.

medc volcano case study iceland

The nature of the volcanic hazard — type, frequency, magnitude The major problem with this volcano was volcanic ash and the ash plume that resulted from the eruption. Although the ash cloud was invisible to the naked eye, as it is made up of very fine particles and substances. The impact of the event social, economic, environmentalin the short and longer term Within Iceland many people were very lucky icekand t he volcano is on the south coast and the wind carried the ash southeast towards Europe: Their actions also limited the impact in terms of casualties, and tests have taken place since to see if planes can fly in ash clouds, in what type of ash or around ash clouds.

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Travelers stuck by the ash cloud were entitled to legal compensation from their airlines and their airlines were also legally responsible for the well-being of stranded passengers. Icelabd major problem with this volcano was volcanic ash and the ash plume that resulted from the eruption.

The vent for the volcano is 1.

MEDC Volcanic Eruption Case Study: Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland – ppt download

It was also categorised as both a fissure and explosive eruption. Nedc 1 million flower stalks were unsold in the first two days and over 50, farmers were temporarily unemployed as their beans and peas could not be sold.

Hire car companies and other forms of transport Hiked their prices as people sought other ways to get home, on my way back from France I met people who had paid thousands of pounds to hire a car to get them to Northern France to take a ferry. The map shows the extent of the ash cloud, note it interrupts not just European flights but also Trans Atlantic fights. What is a volcano?

We think you have liked this presentation. Capacity to cope and institutional capacity prediction, preparation, prevention The Icelandic Meteorological Office monitors earth movements, water conditions and weather and czse warnings.